- Porcelain in Germany - Its Begining and End
The porcelain produced since 1710 is called Meissen in Germany. Johann Bottger successfully experiments in making a hard red ware, he was able to make a white one and in 1710 the Royal Saxon Manufactory was established. Dresden initiated a series of and covered pots in the form of animals, fishes, birds, flowers, fruit and vegetables.
- The History of Porcelain in Belgium, Holland and Switzerland
Belgium made a good progress in the eighteenth century copying both the Sevres and Meissen styles but their original work was mostly done in tablewares and figures. Tourney was one of the important places in Belgium, Amsterdam and The Hague in Holland and Zurich and Nyon near Geneva in Switzerland.
- Chinese Pottery and Porcelain - Great Progress in Style and Design
Ching-te-chen, the southwestern of Nankin, became a centre of manufacturing porcelain in the fourteenth during the Ming dynasty. These products of porcelain spread the fame of China throughout the civilized world exporting them to western countries. Let us have a look at the details of the Chinese pottery and porcelain history.
- The Venetian Role In Glass
By the thirteenth century glass making had become a well-established industry in Venice and on the island of Murano, where a large and important export trade was built up rapidly. The Venetians had found how to make a clear glass, cristallo, and were able to produce not only colorless pieces but others of pure gem-like tints.
- The Story of Glass in England
In the twelfth to the sixteenth centuries there were glassmakers in Surrey and Sussex, where there was plentiful timber, who produced colored glass. Glass for England domestic needs was primarily imported from Venice. Jacopo Verzelini began making Venice glass in London and taught Englishmen the art.
- Glass of Germany and Holland
The quality of the paintings on the glass made the Germans noteworthy. The German craftsmen were able to successfully engrave natural rock-crystal and adapted that to their skill in glass, setting a new standard of glass-making. And the Netherlands made the Venetian type of glass in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. They excelled in glass decoration.
- The History of Fake Porcelain Factories
There were many small factories, which did not, got mentioned in many of the historical evidences that were discovered from different parts of England. But these small factories contributed much to the development and spread of the porcelain wares from the country. Here we are going to see about those small factories of porcelain works.
- A Mirror Reflection of the Woods
The city of Venice monopolized the mirror-glass making in Europe in the seventeenth century. Then it was spread from England. The first mirror were flats plates of highly polished metal called 'steel'. Mirrors were framed like paintings. Most of them were made with a deep rounded edge, veneered with walnut, carved, inlaid with marquetry or lacquered.
- Some of the Famous European Ivory
Ivory is one of the most precious things especially in the present time due to its scarcity. Many of them have been kept in the collectors possessions. There are demand for even the things that resembles closely ivory like the teeth of the hippopotamus, walrus, narwhal, and sperm-whale, and the bones of animals. These things have also become very expensive.
- The History of Wood Households
There are many types of things that are made from different types of woods in earlier days, such as barometers, beds, buckets and bureaus (a kind of writing desk). These items were often made of walnut or mahogany.
- The History of Decorative Furnitures
Learn more about the chest of drawers, chiffonier, wine-coasters and coffee tables. These were not designed for the daily use of the common man; they were made with different intricate designs and decorations.
- The History of European Furniture
Different countries produce different types of woods. And produces different type of furniture each unique in their own styles. And the development of these different styles of wood products was also due to the encouragements from their rulers and influential people.
- The Royal Furnitures and Their History
Sometime the emergence of new designs could coincide with that of the personal designs of the rulers like that of King Louis XVI. The variety in tastes of the patrons sometimes gives birth to new designs. The non-accessibility of these furniture gives ways to fake products of the original because sometime the prices of the original were not affordable for everyone to possess them.
- The Beginning of Small Furniture
Let us have a look at some of the furniture that we can find some of in museums. Furniture such as the stools which date back to the twelfth century, tea-tables dating back to the late seventeenth century, serving trays made of mahogany, wine-coolers (a receptacle for cooling wine) writing tables, window stools, and work tables.
- Development and Advancement in American Glass
During the course of the eighteenth century numerous glasshouses
came up and went. The greatest demands in America would be for
the window-glass and for bottles. The immigrants owned most of
the American glasshouses from Germans and the England who
brought their skills.
- Remarkable French and Chinese Glass
French glass making began to develop in the eighteenth century.
Luneville, at Baccarat and a factory by the Cristallerie de St Louis, in Lorraine, were the two famous glass factories in France during
those days. And under the Emperor K'ang Hsi, of China, a glasshouse was started, but there has been much information found about the details of
- The History of Brass Metals
The making of articles and figures from brass metal probably dates back to the seventeenth century. Some of the things that were made with brass are candlesticks, dishes of various sizes andchandeliers.
- The Best Carvers of Ivory
Ivory has been used for making works of art from Biblical times onwards. The comparative ease with which it can be manipulated and its durable nature has always attracted craftsmen of all nations, and the latter quality has led to the preservation of a surprisingly large number of ancient examples.
- Porcelain - The Best of Chinese
Among different types of ceramic, porcelain is one of the most beautiful and expensive Chinese-made ceramic. Though it was first made by the Chinese, later it spread all over Europe and many people started making it. In this article you will learn more about porcelain.
- Different Type of Clay Used for Ceramic
For making strong and beautiful ceramic, it is very important to use pure and good quality clay. Some materials are also added to strengthen the clay. In this article you will learn the different types of clay and where to find them.
- Porcelain in Scandinavia and Russia
The making and design of porcelain are quite differ from country to country. It all have its unique value and beauty. In this article you will learn more about Sandinavian and Russian made porcelain.
- Tables and Their Histories
Usually the oak woods were used to make the dining tables earlier. They were, round, oval or long in shapes and sizes. Different types of woods were used for different types of styles for making the antique furniture that we could see today.
- Pottery in Persia and Neighboring Countries
The Persians were good potters and well advanced before the European even knew about pottery. Chinese wares were exported to these Persia and Near East countries. Discoveries through many excavations have revealed the beautiful Islamic wares, which were forgotten.
- The Different Types of Porcelain Potters
Thomas Turner the founder of the Caughley factory is credited with producing the original version of the favored 'willow-pattern', which was copied on both pottery and porcelain by innumerable other makers, and remains popular today. And there are numerous factories that either copied others styles and designs or do their own things. Let us have a look at some of these factories.
- The Most Remarkable Porcelain in Italy
The Italians attempted many times to imitate the Chinese porcelain but resulting in only white glass. The first factory in Italy was started in 1720 by Francesco Vezzi, which made hard-paste porcelain varying in colour from white. Some of the rulers patronage the making of the porcelain wares.
- History and Types of Porcelain
Here we will be learning more about the history of porcelain. What are its ingredients, how is it prepared, and what are its uses. Porcelain has become one of the most common wares in the modern days.
- The Best of Chinese Porcelain
The wares sparsely decorated and relied as much on the beauty of the shape and surface of the ware as on the actual brushwork is known as the 'Chinese taste'. This rarely found out of China. Even with the advent of the times the eighteenth century styles and designs still prevails. And the pottery and porcelain made Korea has strong characteristics of its own both in shape and decoration.
- What You Need to Know about Greek and Roman Ceramic
Ceramic has come from a long history of time. With human being has more knowledge and advanced equipment, people start making the development in ceramic making. In this article you will learn the history of ceramic from the Greek time until Roman time.